Disorders of Hair & Scalp: The disruption in the hair cycle leads to damaged hair shaft and hair began to fall out more quickly, thus, requiring hair fall prevention. The usual medical events behind this disruption include; Chemotherapy, Thyroid Imbalance, Childbirth Surgery, and Fever. The typical hair cycle disorders are defined below.
The telogen or resting phase of the hair lasts for approximately three to six months. When a large number of the hair follicles enter the resting phase for a longer period, and the next growth phase doesn’t begin. It causes hair to fall out without new hair growth. The hair thins out mostly on the crown.
This is a result of chemotherapy. Hair follicles productions shut down because of chemotherapy. Hair usually grows back after some time on its own.
Our scalp has a skin-like structure; the cell layers are subject to constant rejuvenation and renewal. New cells replace old cells. Our hair is held at its root to the scalp by the hair follicle—sebaceous glands secrets oil or sebum. Oil and moisture strengthen the hair follicles.
Some common scalp disorders are as under.
The healthy skin cells of a normal scalp fall without being noticed, but excessive production and accumulation of skin cells are called dandruff. According to recent research, dandruff is the result of a fungus called Malassezia, which naturally occurs in our skin. Excessive production of this fungus cause dandruff. The main factors are stress, hormones, age, and poor hygiene. You can’t catch dandruff from someone else, and it isn’t dangerous, but it can be itchy and a bother. Luckily, there’s no redness of the scalp. Severe dandruff is referred as Seborrheic Dermatitis.
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease characterized by an increased rate of skin cell turnover. It appears as plates with thick scales on the skin and scalp. The skin lesions appear as discrete scaly plaques on the scalp and along the hairline and often extend to the scalp’s forehead and sides. The plates are pink and covered by silvery scales.
It is an infection characterized by itching, scales, leaves round, scaly rashes on the scalp. It is common in children between the ages of 3 and 7, and it can affect adults. It is spread through close contact or by sharing hats, clothing, towels, and combs.
It is characterized by dry, sulfur-yellow cuplike crusts on the scalp. Tinea Favosa has a distinctive odor, may leave bald pink or white shiny scars.
Bacterial Infections of the Scalp
The bacterial infections on the scalp are painful and may lead to hair loss. Mild bacterial infection heals by itself but usually need medical attention. Most common bacterial infections are;
Furuncle or Boil is an acute, tender, dome-shaped skin lesion caused by an infection around a hair follicle, causes constant pain.
It is a bacterial infection of the hair follicle. A small white-headed pimple appears around one or more follicles. Mild infections may heal by itself, but deeper folliculitis may need medical attention.
It is essential to recognize the type of infection and get proper medical attention if needed.
In the next part here, I will discuss the Holistic approach and treatments for hair loss.